What is THC and CBD?

What is THC and CBD?

Scientists originally isolated cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from cannabis plants in the early 1940s, respectively. The two plant substances are still being studied by scientists in order to learn more about their properties and potential medical uses. So our knowledge of them is continually developing.

In recent years, increased awareness of the cannabis plant and its two primary chemicals has increased not just their acceptance but also their popularity. Discover more about how CBD and THC can help the body, as well as their distinctions and similarities, in the sections below.

Chemical Structure

 The chemical formula of CBD and THC is the same: 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The arrangement of the atoms determines the difference. Because of this, CBD and THC have different chemical qualities and have different effects on your body.
Both CBD and THC interact with brain receptors to release neurotransmitters. Such factors as pain, mood, sleep, and memory can be impacted by them.

How the Body Reacts to CBD and THC

The primary psychotropic ingredient in marijuana is THC. It’s what gives folks that “high” feeling.
Our bodies contain two different kinds of cannabinoid receptors. THC binds to receptors that regulate pain, mood, and other emotions, mostly in the brain. Because of this, THC might cause you to feel happy and give you a “high.”
CBD doesn’t get you very high. Instead, it’s believed to collaborate with other bodily components associated with emotions of wellbeing.

Potential Side Effects

 The side effects that THC and CBD might cause can vary. Dry mouth and intoxication symptoms including disorientation, psychosis, and dizziness are common side effects of THC use. Panic attacks and psychosis are examples of more severe reactions. High amounts could even put you in the hospital.
However, it has been found that, even at high doses, CBD has no potential for misuse and won’t require hospitalization. High dosage typically causes drowsiness and may cause liver problems in the long run, though further research is required to substantiate this link. Negative digestive symptoms connected to CBD are often caused by other CBD product constituents, like coconut oil.

Medical Benefits of CBD and THC

When treating medical disorders, CBD and THC have similar effects. However, there are some differences in how each chemical is used.
CBD is frequently used to treat the following conditions:
  • inflammatory bowel
  • disease
  • seizures
  • depression
  • inflammation
  • psychosis or mental
  • disorders
  • migraine

THC has potential uses in treating some of the following conditions:

  • glaucoma
  • muscle spasticity
  • low appetite
  • insomnia



CBD and THC are both cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. The most significant distinction between THC and CBD, despite their similarity in structure and the conditions they may help treat, is that THC will make a person feel high, whilst CBD won’t.

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